Open Access Highly Accessed Review

Epidemiology, molecular virology and diagnostics of Schmallenberg virus, an emerging orthobunyavirus in Europe

Virginie Doceul1*, Estelle Lara1, Corinne Sailleau1, Guillaume Belbis2, Jennifer Richardson1, Emmanuel Bréard1, Cyril Viarouge1, Morgane Dominguez3, Pascal Hendrikx3, Didier Calavas4, Alexandra Desprat1, Jérôme Languille5, Loïc Comtet6, Philippe Pourquier6, Jean-François Eléouët7, Bernard Delmas7, Philippe Marianneau8, Damien Vitour1 and Stéphan Zientara1

Author Affiliations

1 ANSES-INRA-ENVA, UMR 1161 Virologie, 23 avenue du Général De Gaulle, Maisons-Alfort 94704, France

2 Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, Unité de Pathologie du Bétail, Université Paris-Est, 7 avenue du Général de Gaulle, Maisons-Alfort 94704, France

3 Direction scientifique des laboratoires, Plateforme de surveillance épidémiologique en santé animale, ANSES, 23 avenue du Général De Gaulle, Maisons-Alfort 94704, France

4 ANSES-Laboratoire de Lyon, Unité Epidémiologie, 31 avenue Tony Garnier, Lyon cedex 7 69364, France

5 Direction Générale de l’Alimentation, Ministère de l’Agriculture, 251 Rue de Vaugirard, Paris Cedex 15 75732, France

6 ID VET, 167 rue Mehdi Ben Barka - Zone Garosud, Montpellier F-34070, France

7 INRA, Unité de Virologie Immunologie Moléculaires UR892, Jouy-en-Josas F-78350, France

8 ANSES-Laboratoire de Lyon, Unité Virologie, 31 avenue Tony Garnier, Lyon cedex 7 69394, France

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Veterinary Research 2013, 44:31  doi:10.1186/1297-9716-44-31

Published: 15 May 2013

Abstract

After the unexpected emergence of Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) in northern Europe in 2006, another arbovirus, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), emerged in Europe in 2011 causing a new economically important disease in ruminants. The virus, belonging to the Orthobunyavirus genus in the Bunyaviridae family, was first detected in Germany, in The Netherlands and in Belgium in 2011 and soon after in the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain, Denmark and Switzerland. This review describes the current knowledge on the emergence, epidemiology, clinical signs, molecular virology and diagnosis of SBV infection.