Ostreid herpesvirus 1 detection and relationship with Crassostrea gigas spat mortality in France between 1998 and 2006
1 Institut Français pour la Recherche et l'Exploitation de la MER (IFREMER), Laboratoire de Génétique et de Pathologie, Ronce les Bains, 17390 La Tremblade, France
2 Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments (AFSSA), PASER-DERNS, 27-31 Avenue du General Leclerc, 94701 Maisons-Alfort, France
3 Institut Français pour la Recherche et l'Exploitation de la MER (IFREMER), Service Valorisation de l'Information pour la Gestion Intégrée et la Surveillance, rue de l'île d'Yeu, BP 21105, 44311 Nantes Cedex 03, France
Veterinary Research 2011, 42:73 doi:10.1186/1297-9716-42-73Published: 2 June 2011
Since its molecular characterisation, Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) has been regularly detected in Crassostrea gigas in France. Although its pathogenicity was demonstrated on larval stages, its involvement during mortality outbreaks at the juvenile stage was highly suspected but not evidenced. To investigate mortality outbreaks, the French National Network for Surveillance and Monitoring of Mollusc Health (REPAMO) carried out two surveys in juvenile C. gigas. The first survey lasted from 1998 to 2006 and was an epidemiological inquiry occurring when oyster farmers reported mortality outbreaks. The second survey, a longitudinal one, was set up in 1998 to complete the network observations on OsHV-1. Data analysis showed a specific pattern of mortality outbreaks associated with OsHV-1 detection. Ostreid herpesvirus 1 detection mainly appeared during the summer, suggesting the influence of the seawater temperature on its occurrence. It mostly presented a patchy distribution in the field in contrast to the nursery. Significant relationship between OsHV-1 detection and spat mortality was found, preferentially in sheltered and closed environments. The longitudinal survey confirmed most of the network observations. Although subsequent works particularly epidemiological surveys would be useful to confirm the causal link between the detection of OsHV-1 and the mortality outbreaks in juvenile C. gigas, the role of OsHV-1 in oyster mortality is progressing.