A survey of the transmission of infectious diseases/infections between wild and domestic ungulates in Europe
1 Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Sciences (UREAR), Department of Infectious and Parasitic diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, Boulevard de Colonster, 20, B42, B-4000 Liège, Belgium
2 Publications Unit, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), 12 Rue Prony, 75017 Paris, France
3 Scientific Institute of Public Health, Department of Microbiology, Division of Virology, Rue Juliette Wytsman 14, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
4 Anses, Sophia-Antipolis Laboratory, Unit of Ruminant Pathology, 105 Route des Chappes B.P.111, 06902 Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France
Veterinary Research 2011, 42:70 doi:10.1186/1297-9716-42-70Published: 2 June 2011
The domestic animals/wildlife interface is becoming a global issue of growing interest. However, despite studies on wildlife diseases being in expansion, the epidemiological role of wild animals in the transmission of infectious diseases remains unclear most of the time. Multiple diseases affecting livestock have already been identified in wildlife, especially in wild ungulates. The first objective of this paper was to establish a list of infections already reported in European wild ungulates. For each disease/infection, three additional materials develop examples already published, specifying the epidemiological role of the species as assigned by the authors. Furthermore, risk factors associated with interactions between wild and domestic animals and regarding emerging infectious diseases are summarized. Finally, the wildlife surveillance measures implemented in different European countries are presented. New research areas are proposed in order to provide efficient tools to prevent the transmission of diseases between wild ungulates and livestock.